ICPSR, Elsevier Announce Data Linking

ICPSR, a leader in providing curated research data to the behavioral and social science community, and Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, are happy to announce implementation of two-way linking between research articles and datasets.

Over 400 Elsevier journals will offer direct linking options with datasets in ICPSR. These behavioral and social science datasets become discoverable through corresponding research articles on ScienceDirect. This allows researchers to access underlying research data immediately while reading the research paper, and potentially reuse the data for their own experiments. Vice versa, research articles on ScienceDirect can also be accessed directly from within the ICPSR datasets providing additional information to place the data into context.

“Providing links between research data and the articles based on analyses of those data is crucial to support the efforts related to both data sharing and the transparency around conducting research in general. These direct links offer a way to demonstrate the impact of research data for both the Principal Investigator and the agency funding the research. ICPSR is pleased to be working with Elsevier to establish reciprocal linking with ScienceDirect,” said Linda Detterman, Membership & Marketing Director, ICPSR.

ICPSR stores, curates, and provides access to scientific data so others can reuse it or validate research findings. ICPSR maintains over 9,200 studies associated with nearly 73,000 datasets representing over 40 scientific fields and disciplines. Linking these datasets and corresponding documentation to the articles using these data for analyses is critical in the effort to support research transparency and encourage additional research discovery.

Wouter Haak, VP of Research Data Management Solutions at Elsevier added, “Data linking is an essential step for research data to be better discoverable. We are very happy to be working with ICPSR to achieve this for behavioral and social science data. Both the article itself and the underlying data are invaluable for show-casing research output. It also ensures that authors of the data and articles can get the credit they deserve.”

Article-data linking is one of the pillars of Elsevier’s initiatives for sharing research data. Elsevier collaborates with more than fifty data repositories, and is continually looking to collaborate with other relevant organizations.

Example articles with reciprocal ICPSR-ScienceDirect linking:

1) Kate A. Leger, Susan T. Charles, John Z. Ayanian, David M. Almeida, ‘The association of daily physical symptoms with future health’, Social Science & Medicine, Volume 143, October 2015, Pages 241-248, ISSN 0277-9536, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.08.050.
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953615301027 )

2) Samuel Stroope, ‘Seclusion, decision-making power, and gender disparities in adult health: Examining hypertension in India’, Social Science Research, Volume 53, September 2015, Pages 288-299, ISSN 0049-089X, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2015.05.013.
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0049089X1500112X )

3) Benjamin Lê Cook, Teresa Doksum, Chih-nan Chen, Adam Carle, Margarita Alegría, ‘The role of provider supply and organization in reducing racial/ethnic disparities in mental health care in the U.S.’, Social Science & Medicine, Volume 84, May 2013, Pages 102-109, ISSN 0277-9536, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.02.006.
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953613000798 )

4) Muhammad Azmat Hayat, Etienne Farvaque, ‘Public attitudes towards central bank independence: Lessons from the foundation of the ECB’, European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 28, Issue 4, December 2012, Pages 512-523, ISSN 0176-2680, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2012.05.001.
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0176268012000298 )

ICPSR’s data-linking background 

ICPSR has a long history of finding linkages between data and literature. 

Linking social science literature to the underlying data is important, particularly as the move to make research data more transparent and accessible transparency is a priority of academia, government, and funding agencies. Because these linkages are not always obvious, due to inconsistencies and incompleteness in citations, there is not a perfect way to automate connecting the literature with the data analyzed in it. But for 16 years, ICPSR has invested in finding these linkages, using our staff's knowledge of ICPSR data and how they are referred to in the literature. The ICPSR Bibliography of Data-related Literature is unique in its breadth and depth, and is sought after by organizations that want to utilize the valuable linkages it contains.

ICPSR is allowing Elsevier, the publisher of the journal database ScienceDirect, to access the ICPSR Bibliography, via a script, in order to determine if the ICPSR Bibliography has associated a given ScienceDirect article with analyses based on ICPSR data. If so, a linked ICPSR logo appears on the ScienceDirect article page. This two-way linkage between ScienceDirect articles and the ICPSR data analyzed in them encourages transparency, access, and credit to the originating data creators. And, it introduces a larger audience to the data collections they can find at ICPSR.


ICPSR is the world’s largest archive of behavioral and social science research data. ICPSR advances research by acquiring, curating, preserving, and distributing original research data to support researchers, students, instructors, and policymakers. A leader in data stewardship, ICPSR is a center within the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

About ScienceDirect
ScienceDirect is Elsevier’s leading information solution that empowers over 15 million researchers, teachers, students, healthcare professionals and information professionals around the world to be more impactful in their work. ScienceDirect combines authoritative, full-text scientific, technical and health publications with smart, intuitive functionality so users can stay more informed, and can work more effectively and efficiently. With over 13 million publications from nearly 2,500 journals and over 33,000 books from Elsevier, our imprints and our society partners, ScienceDirect empowers smarter research.

About Elsevier
Elsevier is a world-leading provider of information solutions that enhance the performance of science, health, and technology professionals, empowering them to make better decisions, deliver better care, and sometimes make groundbreaking discoveries that advance the boundaries of knowledge and human progress. Elsevier provides web-based, digital solutions — among them ScienceDirectScopusElsevier Research Intelligence and ClinicalKey — and publishes over 2,500 journals, including The Lancet and Cell, and more than 33,000 book titles, including a number of iconic reference works. Elsevier is part of RELX Group plc, a world-leading provider of information solutions for professional customers across industries.